Wednesday, November 30, 2011

Old Guru and Modern Day Teachers

Guru, a Hindi term loosely translated as teacher, because Guru is more than a teacher, has a special place in our Vaidik culture. Now-a-days, those Guru have vanished and they have been replaced by modern teachers (Adhyaapak in Hindi). What is the difference between a Guru and a teacher?

1. The very first difference is that before Guru used to be only one, but today the teachers are many.
2. Guru's students were called disciples, while teachers' students are called students
3. Disciples were very much dedicated to their Guru, but today students have no responsibility towards their teachers
4. Guru and his wife were like parents to the disciple, while teachers are just teachers for the student. Today they are teaching them, and when they are not teaching them, they are nothing to them.
5. In olden days a person was identified by his Guru for his whole life, but today by the time a person has finished his education, he forgets his old teachers.
6. In those days disciple went to Guru's house to study, lived there until their education was finished. It was called Gurukul and Guru's wife used to take care of them there. They lived there with certain discipline. This was their Brahmcharya Aashram
7. They did not pay fees like today, monthly or whatever. They paid it only when they had finished their education and that also whatever Guru asked them to pay. Only disciple had to pay it, not his parents.

We have a few notable disciples whose dedication to their Guru is very well known --

There was a Rishi named Dhaumya who had three disciples in his Gurukul - Aaruni from Paanchaal country, Upamanyu, and Ved. All these three disciples were very faithfully dedicated to their Guru. Once a wall broke and water started coming in the farm. If it was not stopped soon it could have spoiled the crop. So Guru Jee asked Aaruni to go there and stop that water from coming in the field. So Aaruni went there and tried his best to stop the water, but he did not succeed in stopping the water anyhow. He found only one way to stop it that he himself should lie down against the wall from where the water was breaking in. So he himself lay down there and he succeeded in stopping it. After a while he tried to get up from there, but the water again broke it up, so he lay down there only.

When Guru Jee didn't see Aaruni for some time, he remembered him and asked his other disciples where was Aaruni. They said - "Guru Jee, You yourself have sent him to stop the water in the field." Guru Jee remembered it and said - "Yes, I sent him there. But he should have come back by now. Where is he?" Everybody showed his ignorance about him. Since it was evening now, he himself went to that field with his other disciples and called him in a loud voice - "Aaruni, Where are you?" Aaruni also spoke loudly - "Guru Jee, I am here, lying here to stop the water." Guru Jee reached there and saw Aaruni lying there along the wall - and the water was stopped. Aaruni further spoke - "I could not stop it by any other means so I myself lay down here to stop it. It is only after hearing your voice that I stood up. Now tell me what should I do?" Guru Jee said - "Since by getting up you have opened the water course, you will now be known as Uddaalak and since you have obeyed me, you will get a good fortune. All Ved and Dharm Shaastra will automatically shine in your heart." Aaruni went away from there and became a very learned Maharshi. He is the same Uddaalak who had two sons - Shwetketu and Nachiketaa. His sons' names come in several Upanishad.

Dhaumya Rishi's another disciple was Ved. When Ved completed his studies, he wanted to lead domestic life, so he asked his Guru's permission to leave the Gurukul. His Guru said - "Son, Serve your Guru for some more time, it will be good for you." Ved stayed back without any argument and served his Guru tolerating everything without a murmur.

One day he was rolling his fingers in his hair that a hair got plucked and came out in his hand. He saw it was gray. Then he knew that he had become old serving his Guru. He went to Guru and again asked his permission to go home saying - "I have grown old now, who is going to marry me?" Guru consoled him and made him young. Thus after a long time Guru was satisfied. As a result of this satisfaction he also got a good fortune and universal knowledge. This was Ved's trial. He then came back to his home and started leading his family life. While living in family, he also had three disciples. He never told them to do any work for him because he himself suffered a lot in his Guru's house.

Dhaumya Rishi's third disciple was Upamanyu. Once Guru Jee called Upamanyu and assigned him some cows to take care of. He started taking them to graze in the morning and bring them back in the evening. After a while, Muni asked - "How do you support yourself? You look quite healthy." Upamanyu said politely - "Guru Jee, I live upon the milk of these cows." Guru Jee said - "Son, It is not appropriate to drink milk of these cows without my permission." "Yes Guru Jee." and he went away to tend the cows.

After a while, Guru Jee again called him and when he came back and stood before his Guru Jee, Guru Jee observed that he was still healthy. He again asked him - "Upamanyu, You don't eat anything from alms, nor you go for alms second time, nor you are drinking milk of these cows, still you are healthy. How do you support yourself now?" Upamanyu said - "I sip the froth these calves throw out of their mouth while sucking their mother's teats." Guru Jee said - "These calves must be throwing much froth for you out of generosity. Don't you think that by doing this you should be sharing their full meal? It is unlawful for you to drink the froth like this." And Upamanyu accepting his mistake again went away to tend the cows.

Now he didn't have anything to eat - no alms, no milk, no froth. Once, out of hunger, Upamanyu ate Aak leaves (by eating these leaves one becomes blind) and became blind. As he was walking around, he fell into a pit, thus could not return home that evening. When Guru Jee did not see him in the evening, he got worried about him. He had restrained him from eating everything, so he didn't know how he would be. Thinking thus, he himself went in search of him. He called out in the forest - "O Upamanyu, Where are you?" Upamanyu replied - "I am here in this well. I ate Aak leaves, so I became blind and fell in this well." Guru Jee said - "Pray Ashwinee Kumaar, they will restore your sight."

And Upamanyu prayed them. Ashwinee Kumaar appeared before him and gave him a cake to eat. Upamanyu said - "You have said correctly, but I cannot take this cake without first offering to my Guru Jee." Ashwinee Kumaar said to him - "Once before your Guru invoked us and we gave a cake to him too, but he had eaten it without offering to his Guru. You also do the same what your Guru did." Upamanyu said - "I beg your pardon, but I cannot take this cake without offering to him first." Ashwinee Kumaar got very pleased with him and said to him - "We are very pleased with you. Your Guru's teeth are of black iron, but your teeth will be of gold. Your eyes will be all right and you will have good fortune." He got his sight back, came out of the well, and greeted Guru Jee. Guru Jee also blessed him with the knowledge of Ved and all Dharm Shaastra.

Continued...  Guru Dakshinaa

Sushma Gupta

Stories of Guru Dakshinaa

In the last blog I wrote about ancient Guru and modern teachers, and wrote that those disciples did not pay fees like today's students pay. Today the parents pay the fees for their children, each month and if they don't pay it they are expelled from the school. But in those days students did not pay like this. In fact paying fees was not a regular affair. It was paid only once - at the end of the education. Besides the disciple himself had to pay his fees and it was not paid by the disciple just like that, it was asked by the Guru what he wanted in lieu of his fees. That was called Guru Dakshinaa.

Why was that fees called Guru Dakshinaa? Guru Dakshinaa term is made up two words - Guru and Dakshinaa. Guru means teacher and Dakshinaa means fees which is normally given to Braahman; so Guru Dakshinaa means the fees which is paid to a Braahman. In those days normally all Guru used to be Braahman, as society was more or less strictly distributed in four Varn - Braahman, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shoodra. All these four Varn had been assigned their own duties - a Braahman's duty was to study and teach Ved, and to do religious activities for himself and for his Yajamaan (client); a Kshatriya's duty was to protect the society; a Vaishya's duty was to trade, rear animals and farming (to feed and to provide all things to all); and a Shoodra's duty was to serve all the three Varn. That is why all Guru used to be Braahman (because that was their duty), and it was customary to pay fees for their duties rendered to the society. That fees was called Dakshinaa. No duty of Braahman rendered to the society was considered complete without giving Dakshinaa to him. When a Braahman was paid a fee for educating the child, it was called Guru Dakshinaa and the fee paid for all other duties was called only Dakshinaa. Normally all Dakshinaa were paid by Yajamaan according his own will and status; but the funny thing was that Guru Dakshinaa was paid not by Yajamaan, but by the disciple himself and was paid only after his education was finished. Guru Dakshinaa not paid by the disciple at his own will, but was asked  by the Guru.

In our history many Guru Dakshinaa are famous. Today I am going to write about those Guru Dakshinaa.

Krishn's Guru Dakshinaa
Krishn was Bhagvaan. He did not need any education, still He was sent to Saandeepan Muni. He finished His education in a very little time. After he had finished it, He said to His Guru to ask Guru Dakshinaa. Guru Jee said - "Krishn, You did not any kind of education. You came her only to give me the honor of being your Guru. Only fortunate Guru gets a disciple like you. I don't need any Guru Dakshinaa from you. I feel most fortunate in this world that I am the Guru of a disciple like you." Krishn said - "I cannot go from here without paying Guru Dakshinaa, because without paying it my education is incomplete, so please tell me what should I pay to you?" Guru Jee said - "I still don't need anything. If you are insisting to pay something, then go and ask your Guru Maataa (Guru's wife) if she needs anything.

So Krishn went to Guru Maataa and said - "Maa, Our education is finished. Guru Jee has permitted us to go home. Now we want to pay Guru Dakshinaa. Guru Jee told that we should ask you if you need anything. Hearing this Guru Maataa broke into tears. They had a son who was lost on the sea coast and since then she was very sad and remembered him very much. In fact he died there, Guru Jee had reconciled with his death but Guru Maataa could not, and she still thought that her son had got lost and would come back after some time. But as he was already dead he did not come back. Seeing Krishn, she started loving Him as her own son. And now when He wanted to go, she could not tolerate His separation. She said - "Krishn, If you can bring my lost son back..." Krishn said - "Sure, Maataa."

So they both, Krishn and Balaraam, went to the sea and asked him if he had seen His Guru's son. The sea told Him that there lived a Daitya named Panchjan in his waters in the conch form, maybe he had taken him. So Krishn went there, killed the Daitya, but could not find his Guru's son in his stomach, so He took his body (conch - His Paanchjanya Shankh) and went to Yam Raaj. He got the dead son from him and came to His Guru Maataa and handed over her son to her. Guru Maataa was so so happy to see her lost son back. Krishn wanted to give that conch to His Guru Jee but he did  not take it saying - "This is yours, you keep it." This was Krishn's Guru Dakshinaa.

Eklavya's Guru Dakshinaa
Eklavya is a Mahaabhaarat (MBH) character. He was the son of a Bheel tribal king. He always wanted to be a very good archer, so he used to practice it very diligently. Once he saw Dronaachaarya teaching archery to Kaurav and Paandav. He found it useful, so he often went to the place where he taught them the archery and watched them learning archery for hours. After coming back he practiced it. Since he was learning all these skills from Dronaachaaraya, though indirectly, he regarded him as his Guru. So he had made an idol of Dronaachaarya and he worshiped him considering him his Guru.

On day Kaurav and Paandav came to the same place where he lived, and started sporting there. They had a dog also with them. By chance that dog came to the same spot where Eklavya was standing. As he saw the dog, he shot a few arrows aiming at his mouth and filled his mouth with arrows. the dog ran away from there and came to Kaurav's camp. Arjun saw that dog and was filled with surprise. He showed it to his Guru Jee. Guru Jee was also surprised to see it. Guru Jee wanted to know who did this to the dog. So they all came to the place where Eklavya was standing, searching for the person who did it to the dog.

They asked him who shot those arrows at the dog's mouth. Eklavya said - "I did." and told the whole story on asking how did he learn that archery. Guru Jee said - "When you have learnt archery from me then you have to give me Guru Dakshinaa too." Eklavya said - "Sure, It is sure that I have learnt archery from you only. Ask Guru Jee whatever your want in Guru Dakshinaa. There is  nothing in this world which I cannot give to you." Dronaachaarya foresaw the seed of a  better archer in Eklavya than Arjun, and he had already declared that Arjun would be the best archer of the world, so it became necessary to uproot that seed. He said - "Give me your right hand thumb." All Kaurav and Paandav stood wondering "what Guru has asked from" but Eklavya didn't take even a moment. He picked up a knife, cut his right hand thumb and kept near his Guru's feet. This was Eklavya's Guru Dakshinaa.

Kaurav and Paandav's Guru Dakshinaa
When Kaurav and Paandav had finished their education, the time came to pay Guru Dakshinaa to their Guru Dronaachaarya. Drone had been nurturing an enmity towards Drupad from the day he could not afford even some milk for his son Ashwatthaamaa. They were educated under the same Guru. They were very fast friends. At that time Drupad used to say whatever is mine, its half is yours. Drone kept it in his mind. After they finished their education, Drupad became the king of Paanchaal kingdom and Drone started his own life. He could not get enough money to survive. He told his wife that he was going to bring a cow for Ashwatthaamaa's milk and till he will not get a cow he wouldn't come back home.

At the same time he heard that Parashuraam Jee was donating his everything, so he went to him, but when he met him, he came to know that he had already donated everything, even this Prithvi, and he did not have anything to give to him. He had only some weapons and warfare techniques, which if he wished to learn, he could teach him. So he lived with him for some time and learnt some unusual weapons and war techniques. But this could not buy him food. So he remembered his friend Drupad and went to him and said - "When we were in Gurukul, you told me that whatever was yours its half was mine, so today I have come to take only one cow from that half share of mine." But Drupad told him that all those things were only childhood talks and he could not be a friend of his at any cost. Drone came back with a sharp thorn in his heart.

When he was coming back, he heard that Bheeshm was looking for a Guru for their grandchildren - Kaurav and Paandav. So he set off towards Hastinaapur. On the he saw Kaurav and Paandav playing ball. Their ball fell in a dry wall and they were unable to take it out. Drone saw this and asked them what was the matter. They told him about the fallen ball in the well and their inability to take it out. Drone said - "If you cannot take out a small ball out of the well, how will you manage a kingdom?" Arjun asked - "Can you take it out?" "Yes" and Drone took it out within no time. Not only ball, but he took out Yudhishthir's ring also from the well. All were surprised to see this. Arjun asked him what was his name, Drone replied "tell this incident and they will understand". When Arjun reported this to Bheeshm. Bheeshm understood that it was Drone and appointed him as the Guru of Kaurav and Paandav. Drone waited for the day when his army will be prepared to defeat Drupad.

So when the time came to take Guru Dakshinaa, he asked both Kaurav and Paandav to bring Drupad tied with a rope behind their chariot. First kaurav went but the came back without Drupad. Then went Paandav and they brought Drupad tied with a rope behind their chariot. Tus Paandav paid their Guru Dakshhinaa, but Kaurav's education remained incomplete as they could not pay their Guru Dakshinaa.

To be continued......

Sushma Gupta

Monday, November 28, 2011

Self Evaluation

In response to a recent blog I read, about the self evaluation, I would like to say that self evaluation is certainly good for self  improvement. In fact, we come to know about  many things about ourselves which even we are not even aware of and we get hoked to know as what we have been doing so far. Through the process of this evaluation, we come to know about our shortcomings/ drawbacks and work out the strategies to make corrections ( the concept of coulda , shoulda , woulda ) to overcome those shortcomings .

It is not easy to find faults in oneself. Why? Because everybody is right in his own ways. No one likes to agree that a particular behavior of his is wrong. Why? He has a reason for it. If he had known that his particular behavior was wrong, why he would have done it? It means that in those particular, circumstances, his behavior was right according to his own thinking and judgment (or say intelligence or wisdom). So it becomes difficult to find the fault with the self?

Everybody has a different level of thinking, understanding, and intelligence. And everybody does his all actions according to them only. So if somebody's thinking or understanding is different then his actions will also be different, but still there are some normal behaviors which people expect from others at a certain occasion. If any behavior is different from it, then it looks odd, and therefore it should be corrected through education and training. Various societies have their different values and those values must be taught from the childhood and should be modified at time to time according to changing environments of the individual.

Although it is not easy to perform self evaluation, but still one can try on the following line ---

How to Perform Self Evaluation
(1) First of all we should make a list of faults and shortcomings of other people, not ours, mind it, (presumably because we ourselves do not have any fault, the faults are only with others, that is why we have to make the list of faults of others, not ours). Then analyze them one by one and find out --Is there anything which I have common with others?"

(2) Am I not following the same kind of actions for which I do not like others. Instead the word hate here I have used the word "like" as "hate" is a hard concept, although we use it very often.

(3)  Do we behave the same way as we expect from the others?

(4) Preaching is easy, following is difficult. Many times people find excuse of their different circumstances from others to behave in a certain manner. It might be possible, but not always. So one must think over that whatever we preach others, have we been follow the same?

(5) Do we do something different or special for the people, for which people may admire us? Faith and Trust (main requirement of building social capital) are the important qualities of a person. If one could keep oneself faithful to even a few, then certainly he has made a place among those people. And if he has made a place among them, he has won their hearts. That is what you are looking for - to win the hearts - quite difficult thing.

Once you completed the list, you are likely to find that most people behave the same way, including yourself. To identify yourself differently and separately you have to change yourself. Although the change is constant but changing is difficult. If somebody can change a little bit bit, it would be a great achievement. Deviation from our good values according to some specific circumstances is painful.

Now you may perform your self evaluation, and find out the result? Could you do it objectively? This may provide you an opportunity at least to change you behavior at least not to criticize others. You may realize that you have achieved certain quality of not complaining about others, rather respecting others even with their faults - this is known as adjustment, and we need it everywhere, at home, at workplace and among the friends today.

Sushma Gupta

Sunday, November 27, 2011

You May Hate God, But Must Love His Devotees

God is certainly and infinitely merciful when it comes to relation with Him, but not at all merciful if you behave ill towards His Bhakt (devotes). Throughout Indian epics, Puraan, wherever anyone had sustained enmity towards God, he has been rewarded in proportion to how much he had remembered God. God being all love and merciful, does not discriminate against you, even if you remember him even with hatred. So we see instances of Raavan, Kans, Shishupaal etc who were killed by God Himself to grant them Mukti as a fruit of their constant remembrance of God.

On the other hand, if someone troubles God's devotees or God's beloved, God punishes him in the most severe manner. This we see in Kaurav, Karn, Ashwatthaamaa and others who hated Paandav, who were Krishn's devotees, they all  were punished or killed in various manners, but none was killed by the Lord Himself. Only Bheeshm, who was fighting from the side of Kaurav and did not hate Krishn or His devotees (the Paandav) was given an opportunity to be killed by the Lord when He raised his Sudarshan Chakra to kill him, although He did not kill him because it was not in His plan, (it was against His own vow. For God protecting the vow of his devotee, like Arjun, was more important than protecting his own vow made in any incarnation. But, Bheeshm's ego of being a warrior was so great in comparison to the force with which Krishn broke His vow. Also Krishn might have had a purpose behind not killing Bheeshm at that time as he became instrumental in teaching Dharm to Yudhishthir and others after the war was over.

There is another example of how God punished the enemies of His devotees - Lord Vishnu's disc followed Rishi Durvaasaa to kill him because the Rishi had cursed the Lord's devotee, the King Ambareesh, who was observing Ekaadashee Vrat in devotion to Lord Visnhu.

I am sure if you dig into Indian epics and even later history of various saints, you will find similar examples. Moral of the story - hate the Lord by all your means, but as long as you remember God because even by hating Him also you remember Him, you will benefit - but never hate or trouble his devotees in whatever form.

There are other examples of hatred towards Vishnu - of Jaya and Vijaya, the two doorkeepers of Vaikunth, who when cursed by Sanakaadi Muni did not want to live without Vishnu for long time. Given an option that 'whether they wanted to live as His Bhakt for 7 lives or as enemy for 3 lives, they opted for 3 lives as enemy. Hiranyakashyap, Raavan and Shishupaal, all three hated Vishnu like anything, and all of them were killed  by Vishnu Himself to give them good Gati, whhile the enemies of His Bhakt were not touched by Him.

So you may hate the God as much as you like, God Himself has to punish you; but never hate His Bhakt, He will never spare you for that.

Sushma Gupta

Saturday, November 26, 2011

How Vishnu Helped Shiv

In the last blog we wrote that both Shiv and Vishnu worship each other. Shiv has helped Vishnu and Vishnu has saved Shiv. Today we will write about how Vishnu saved Shiv several times. Shiv is called Bhole Baabaa and in this Bholaapan (innocence) he gives odd types of boons which many times are used against him. Here are some of them and the how Vishnu saved him from his own given odd boons..

(1) Vrikaasur
Vrikaasur was a very mighty Daitya. Once wandering around, he met Naarad Jee. He asked him who was the Devtaa who could be pleased the soonest. Naarad Jee said - "Shiv Jee." So he did Tap to please Shiv Jee and got a boon from him that "On whosoever's head I put my hand, he should die immediately." Shiv Jee bestowed the boon. Vrikaasur was very evil-minded, he desired to have Paarvatee Jee. For this had to kill Shhiv Jee first, so as he got the boon he tried to put his hand on Shiv's head. Shiv Jee guessed it so he ran away from there. Now Shiv Jee was in front and Vrikaasur was behind him. He headed towards the end of the Prithvi, towards Swarg but found Vrikaasur still following him. He turned towards North. Even the great Devtaa could not find the solution of his problem. In the end he came to Vaikunth Lok. There lives Vishnu Himself.

Vishnu found Shiv in trouble, so He assumed the form of Mohinee and sat in the way from where Vrikaasur was coming. Following Shiv Vrikaasur saw a beautiful woman standing. he paused briefly seeing her, that Mohinee asked him - "Where are going running so fast, take some rest." Vrikaasur said - "I have to catch Shiv." "tell me if I can do anything for you?" Vrikaasur stopped for a while and told her whatever happened between Shiv and him. Mohinee asked - "So you want to put your hand on Shiv's head? No need to run after him. I teach you how to do it." Saying this she asked him to copy her so that she could teach him the way to put his hand on his head. Mohinee started dancing and asked him to copy her. While dancing Mohinee kept her own hand on her head, so Vrikaasur also did it the same way, and as soon as he did it, he got killed.

Shiv thanked Vishnu to save his life.

(2) Gajamukhaasur
Once there was an Asur, Gajamukhaasur. He did a severe austerities for Shiv Jee and got a boon from him that Shiv should live in his stomach. Shiv could not say "no" to him and entered in his stomach. Now Paarvatee Jee did not see Shiv Jee for some time, so she went to Vishnu and told her problem. Vishnu assured her that He would surely find him soon. So He took along Nandee and came out in the form of a flutist in search of Shiv Jee. They started wandering in search of Shiv Jee.

Wandering around He came to the Asur's house and started playing His flute while Nandee started dancing on His tune. All living nearby came out to see this strange and funny dance. That Asur also came out. That Asur was so happy to see that dance that he asked Vishnu to ask whatever He wanted without knowing Him who He was. Vishnu got this opportunity and asked that he should free Shiv Jee. When Shiv Jee came out of his belly, his belly burst out, the Asur died and Shiv Jee got free.

It was then Shiv Jee promised Vishnu that he would serve Vishnu in one of His future Avataar and will help Him the same way as He did for him now. So when Vishnu incarnated as Raam, Shiv sent his one of the 11 forms as Hanumaan to help Him and protect Him. Thus Vishnu freed Shiv from that Asur's clutches.

(3) Killing of Bhasmaasur
This story is similar to Vrikaasur's story given above. Bhasmaasur was another such Daitya who was killed by Vishnu. Once Bhasmaasur did severe penance and pleased Shiv Jee. Shiv Jee appeared before him and asked him what he wanted. Bhasmaasur desired that his mere touching somebody's head should reduce the person to ashes. Shiv Jee conferred him the boon. Now Bhasmaasur wanted to test it. Who else was better candidate than Shiv himself for this test? so he proceeded towards Shiv Jee. Shiv Jee guessed it in time so he took to flight. He went in all Lok but he found Bhasmaasur following him, so he proceeded towards Vaikunth Lok.

When Vishnu saw Shiv Jee running like this, He understood that Shiv is in trouble. In order to save him from that predicament, Vishnu appeared as a voluptuous damsel (Mohinee) before the pursuing Asur and enticed him. He became amorous seeing the damsel and made advances to her. Vishnu said - "You are smelling very badly, go  to that spring and rub your body with water. When you become clean, then you can embrace me." As he was taking bath under the spring, his hand touched his body, and eventually his head to in order to clean his head. As soon as he touched his head, he fell down in a heap of ashes. That is how Vishnu saved Shiv Jee. He asked Shiv Jee - "Why do you grant such boon that you have to run all around to save yourself?"

Read also  Shiv Fights Vishnu

Sushma Gupta

Friday, November 25, 2011

Do You Know?

I will give you here a few pieces of not too well known information which is interesting to know but not found easily.

1. How many years did Hiranyakashyap live for?
--Hiranyakashyap lived for 10 million years by the boon of Shiv Jee.

2. Everybody knows that Vishnu holds Sudarshan Chakra in His one hand. Do you know who gave it to Him and why was it named as Sudarshan?
--That Chakra (Discus) was given to Him by Shiv after killing a Daitya and named it as Sudarshan because of its blazing energy nobody could even look at it except Shiv.

3. Everybody knows that Vishnu worships Shiv and Shiv cannot live without Vishnu. What Vishnu has done to worship is even difficult to imagine --
--When Raam was building the bridge to cross the sea to go to Lankaa, he desired to worship Shiv there. He wanted to worship him with 1000 lotus flowers. So He asked His Vaanar to bring 1000 flowers. They brought them and Raam started worshiping Shiv. Shiv thought to play a prank on Him, so he stole one flower out of those 1000 flowers. When Raam counted them they were 999. If he ordered to bring one flower more, it could have been late. He thought what to do. He thought "people say that my eyes are like lotus, so let me complete this number by adding my one eye." So as He wanted to take his eye to add to flowers, Shiv appeared there and brought that missing flower and blessed Him.

4. Do you know how Raam went to His Lok (Dhaam)? What made Him to go from here - Prithvi?
--One day Kaal (Time) came and delivered the message of Brahmaa Jee that His time on Prithvi was now over, so He should come back to His Lok. Raam, Lakshman, Bharat and Shatrughn settled their sons in their kingdoms and all took Jal Samaadhi in Sarayoo River. Many other people who came with Him (took birth only for His work) also went with Him. Whatever creation was created for Raam, everybody went with Raam's going to Swarg. Thus when He went to His Lok the whole Ayodhyaa went with Him.

5. When Vishnu and Shiv are so much cooperative to each other, can you imagine of any occasion when they fought with each other? There is one occasion when they fought with each other, read it here --
--You must have read or heard the love story of Ushaa and Aniruddh. Ushaa was the daughter of Daitya Raaj Baanaasur and Aniruddh was the grandson of Krishn. Ushaa saw Aniruddh in her dream and succeeded in getting him in her palace. When he was found missing in his palace, Krishn came to know that he was in Baanaasur's palace. So Krishn and Pradyumn invaded Baanaasur's city. Now Baanaasur's city was guarded by Shiv, so when Krishn came to fight, Shiv had to come to protect Baanaasur. At that time both fought. In the end Shiv got defeated and asked Krishn to spare his devotee Baanaasur. Krishn said - "Do not worry, I was not going to kill him anyway, because I have already bestowed the boon to Prahlaad that I will not kill anybody in your family."

6. In ancient time kings used to have many queens, but how many, 2, 4, 10, 100, how many? --
--Yuvanaashwa, Maandhaataa's father, had 100 wives
--Dasharath had 350 queens.
--Krishn had 16,108 queens. His all queens had separate palace for herself and Krishn lived with all of them together, that is how no queen ever felt His absence. In fact He married 16,100 princesses together also.

7. Can you believe that a Rishi also had many wives? You will say, one is all right, but what is the need for many wives to a Rishi? But yes, he had many wives. Who was he? What was his name?
--His name was Saubhari Rishi and he married Maandhaataa's 50 daughters for whom he built 50 palatial houses. Like Krishn he also lived with all of them together and that is why each princess used to think that her sister must be jealous with her that "Rishi lives with her only and he does not come to me".

8. Any idea how old was Dasharath when his four sons, Raam, Lakshman, Bharat and Shatrughn were born to him?
--60,000 years

9. Can any girl marry a boy who has only one year left of his age? You will immediately say, "What, is she a fool or insane?" But there was a girl who married such a boy and brought him back from the claws of Death. And not only she brought her husband back but she brought luck to her in-law's house and parents' house. Who was she?
--She was Saavitree, and she chose Satyavaan as her husband. Later Naarad Jee told her that the boy had only one year to live, better she should choose some other boy", but she said - "Once an Indian girl has chosen her husband, she has chosen, she does not change it. I will marry Satyavaan only, otherwise I will never marry."

10. Can you guess what might be reason for Vishnu to incarnate 10 times? Did He like it Himself or somebody asked Him to incarnate?
--In fact He was cursed by Maharshi Bhrigu that he should incarnate 10 times, and that is why He keeps coming. He has already come nine times, the last one, Kalki Avataar, is yet to come.

Sushma Gupta

Monday, November 21, 2011

Hindu's Ten Commandments

It is not that only Jews have their 10 Commandments, Hindu also have their 10 Commandments. What are those 10 Commandments and who gave them? Bheeshm gave them in Mahaabhaarat, Anushaasan Parv, Chapter 13. Yudhishthir asked Bheeshm - "Pitaamaha, What a man should do to pass his life comfortably in this world and in the other world? What conduct he should adopt and what practices he should follow so that he can live pleasantly?"

Bheeshm replied - "One should avoid three physical actions; four speech actions and three mind actions - these are the ten paths of action one should never ever take.

The three physical actions to be avoided at all are - 
(1) Hinsaa (violence) - never kill other creatures;
(2) Theft - never steal others property
(3) Adultery - never enjoy with other women than your own wife.

The four speech actions which should never be even thought of are -
(1) Evil conversation - never talk bad about anybody
(2) Harsh words - never speak such words that one feels bad
(3) Pointing other people's faults - never point out other people's faults
(4) Lying - never lie

The three actions performed by mind to be avoided are -
(1) To wish for others property - contentment with mind that you never ever think about others things
(2) To do injury to others - follow compassion for all creatures
(3) Disbelief in the words of Ved - that all actions whether good or bad bear fruits

In short, one should never do any evil by mind, speech and action (Manasaa, Vaachaa and Karmanaa), because by doing good or evil actions, one is sure to enjoy their fruits, there is no doubt about it.

Sushma Gupta

Saturday, November 19, 2011

Physical Transformation in Hindu Scriptures

There are many stories of physical transformation in our Hindu scriptures, some of them are given here.

Story of Apaalaa
Apaalaa of the Rig Ved. Apaalaa's story comes in the form of a verse composed at least 4,000 years ago by the most conservative estimates. The story goes like this that Apaalaa was not a very pretty woman. She was even rejected by her husband on the basis of her ugliness. She had coarse and ugly skin, a skin disease perhaps. One day, while walking in the woods, she picked up a plant and chewed on it. She did not know that it was the magical Som plant whose juice is very much liked by Devtaa (semi-gods). The extraction of its juice between her teeth caught the attention of Indra, king of the gods, who loves Som juice. So he appeared before her and offered her a boon. She asked him "Make me beautiful.". So, Indra pulled her through the hole of his chariot wheel three times causing her coarse skin to slough and she emerged radiant and beautiful, with very soft skin and a great beauty. Her sloughed skin turned into a hedgehog, an alligator and a chameleon, which is why they have coarse skin.

Story of Kaalee
Similar stories of physical transformation occur in Pauraanik stories that were written almost 3,000 years after the Rig Ved. In one story, Shiv laughs at Shakti because she is dark or Kaalee. So the goddess bathes in the river Yamunaa and emerges radiant, and comes to be known as Gauree, the fair one. The river acquires the dark complexion of the goddess and so comes to be known as Kaalindee. Later she became the wife of Krishn.

Story of Maharshi Chyavan
Another ancient story I can remember of Maharshi Chyavan. In  those days Raajaa Sharyaati used to rule the Earth. Once he came for hunting and camped in a forest. Near their camp was the hermitage of Maharshi Chyavan. At that time he was in Samaadhi state. Since he was sitting their for long time many ants made their house (anthill) around his body. Only two holes were there at the place of his eyes. Sharyaati has beautiful daughter Sukanyaa who came there with her friends wandering in the forest. Her friends went here and there, she remained alone and she saw an anthill in the forest. She got curious and came near the anthill. She did not know what was in the anthill. She saw two holes in it. Curiosity sake she peeped in those holes and found something shining inside. She took a straw and put it in those holes. Rishi's eyes were pierced and blood oozed out of those holes. She got frightened and came back to her camp. Later she had to pay a heavy price for this act - she had to marry that blind old Rishi.

Considering her fate she served him well for some time. later Ashwinee Kumaar, pleased with her devotion to her husband, helped her in regaining his eyes and youth. They asked him to take a dip in a tank and as he rose from the water, he became young and handsome and could see. Read his full story at Maharshi Chyavan.

Story of Maharshi Saubhari
This Maharshi transformed himself into a young handsome youth to marry Raajaa Maandhaataa's daughter. When Saubhari asked Maandhaataa to marry one of his 50 daughters, seeing his old age, the King said - "We give equal right to our daughters, so if any of them will like you, I will marry her to you." The King sent him to his daughters' palace with guards and asked them to bring the news. Saubhari Rishi got agreed and went to the princesses' palace. After reaching there he transformed himself into a handsome youth and met all of them. Now all princesses wanted to marry him. The guards informed the King this amazing news. Maandhaataa got very sad to hear this, but had to marry all of them to him. Since he was not satisfied with the Rishi and loved his daughters very much, later he went to see his daughters with his queen.

Seeing 50 gracious palaces in the hermitage of the Rishi, he thought that he had come to a wrong place, that one of his daughters came out from one of those palaces and called him, "Father". They went to her and asked her whether she was happy with the  Muni. She praise him a lot and then said - "But I am sad for my sisters, because Muni lives with me only all the time. They must be abusing me that Muni loves me very much and does not go to them at all. I do not know when does he go to them, because he lives with me all the time" Maandhaataa got happy as well sad hearing all this from his daughter.

Then they went to their other daughter expecting to hear that Muni loves only our one sister and never comes to me, but when they went to their other daughter, they heard the same what their first daughter said to them. And even the third daughter said the same. Maandhaataa smiled and greeted Muni in his heart. Of course he went to Muni also to meet him. There he saw a young handsome man, not an old Rishi. He greeted him, thanked him and came back to his city smilingly and satisfied.

Story of Kubjaa
There is a story comes in in the Bhaagavat Puraan. When Balaraam and Krishn go to Mathuraa on the invitation of Kans, wandering over Mathuraa's streets, they find an ugly bent woman Trivikra or Kubjaa. She used to prepare Chandan and other pastes for Kans and that time was taking that paste to Kans' palace. Krishn asked her to give some Chandan paste to Him also. She felt obliged and gave some Chandan paste to Krishn. In return of that Chandan paste, Krishn just touched her chin and lifted it a little that made her back straighten and beautiful.

Story of  Kaaraikal Ammaiyar
While the transformation of ugliness into beauty brings about erotic and household bliss, the transformation of beauty into ugliness is seen as critical for spiritual bliss. This is the story of Karaikal Ammaiyar, a Tamil female saint, who makes herself ugly so that she does not have to contend with the lustful desires of her husband and other men and she can focus on her devotion to Shiv. In the Puraan, Shiv is described as a handsome god, who smears his body with ash so that people realize that more valuable than the body is the soul within the body.

There is a clear shift in attitude towards body from Rig Ved times to the Pauraanik period. In the Rig Ved, the body and its beauty and fertility were celebrated. In later times, this celebration was balanced by a reminder of the mortality of flesh and the limitations of desire.

Sushma Gupta

Thursday, November 17, 2011

The Story of Ling Worship

[This is a Pauraanik myth]
Once in the past, when all the Universe had become a single ocean, Brahmaa, Vishnu and Rudra arose from the water. They were alone there at that time, even wise men did not know it. The earth, which had been the domain of former beings, had been destroyed for a piercing wind had arisen and dried up the seven oceans. A single Sun appeared in the east and then a second one in the south, just like the first one, drying up all the waters with his rays and burning all that moved and was still. Then in the west a third Sun arose and in the north a fourth one; and later on eight more Suns arose, and thus there were 12 Suns. [12 Aaditya]

Rudra, the Fire of the Doomsday, arose from the subterranean Hell and filled all the regions out of the sky. The exalted one, as he is known everywhere, burned all of the underworld above and sideways, without exception, and then he went to his dwelling place which he had built before. Then came clouds, rained flooding everywhere and all the regions of the sky with waters. Afterwards, they plunged into the single ocean. There was no earth, no sky, no space, no Heaven. Everything was like a giant cask filled up to the brim.

Then the three eternal Dev came out of the water. The two - Ka (Brahmaa) and Vishnu - bowed to Sarv (Shiv) who blazed with strong energy and said - "You are the Lord of everything, perform creation as you wish." "I will." He said. Then he plunged into the waters and remained immersed for 1,000 celestial years. Then they said to one another - "What will we do without him? How will creation take place?" Hari said to the creator - "Do as I tell you, O Grandfather, let no more time go waste, but make an effort to create progeny, for you are capable of creating various creatures. I will give you my own Shakti (power), so that you will be the creator." So he thought about creating and he creating everything conducive to happiness - Devtaa, Daitya, Gandharv, Yaksh, serpents, men.

When his creation was complete, Shambhoo came out of the water, desirous of creating and thinking about it in his mind. But when he saw the whole sretching above and below with the gods etc, the great Devtaa's heart filled with anger and he thought, "What shall I do now? Brahmaa must have created everything, I will therefore destroy, cutting off my own seed." As he had said this, a flame came out of his mouth and it burned everything.

When Brahmaa saw this, that everything was on fire, he bowed to him and praised him. Shankar got pleased by the praise and told him, "I am Shankar, I will always accomplish everything that is to be done for anyone who seeks refuge with me. Now tell me what should I do with that excess energy which I gathered to destroy you creation. Tell me your desire." Hearing this Brahmaa Jee thought for a while carefully for the welfare of the world, and said - "O Lord. If you are pleased with me, let your energy enter the Sun, since you are the Lord over the Sun, for you are the creator, protector and destroyer. Let us live together with all the immortals in the energy of the Sun, and we will receive the sacred image of the three times (past, present and future) that was given by mankind. Then, at the end of the eon, you take the form of the Sun and burn this Universe at that time."

Shankar agreed to this and laughed, for he was secretly amused, and he said to Brahmaa, "There is no good use for this Ling except for the creation of progeny." And as he said this, he broke it off and threw it upon the surface of the earth. The Ling broke through the earth and went to the very sky. Vishnu sought the end of it below, and Brahmaa flew upwards, but both could not find the end of it for all their vital effort. Then a voice arose out of the sky as the two of them sat, "If the Ling of the god with braided hair is worshiped, it will certainly grant all desires that are longed for in the heart." When Brahmaa and Vishnu heard this, they and all the Divinities worshiped the Ling with their heart set on Rudra.

Sushma Gupta

Monday, November 14, 2011

Dharm and Lakshmee Live Together

It is an interesting story--

Once Vishnu and Lakshmee had an argument about "who was greater" between them. Vishnu said that I am greater as wherever I live, the person does not know you; while Lakshmee's logic was that wherever You live, I also live there and then Vishnu is no more important to him. Now how to decide it? So they decided to test this....

Vishnu Comes to the King
There was a king who was living very peacefully in his kingdom and was ruling his kingdom in a very justified way. So first Vishnu went to him assuming the form of a Sanyaasee. The King welcomed Him and said to Him - "Please, welcome. We needed a Sanyaasee to live in our company. It is good that you have come here. Please live with us." Vishnu said - "I need a place to live." King was king, he did not have any shortage of anything, so within no time a place got ready for the Sanyaasee. Vishnu Jee started living there and the King started having Satsang, preachings, discussion on Ved and Mantra etc with Him. The days were passing in great peace and earning knowledge. The King was very happy with this environment. Raajya Lakshmee (the treasury of the kingdom) got converted into happiness and the kingdom became very peaceful.

Lakshmee Comes to the King
After a while Lakshmee came there assuming the form of a female beggar and said to the King - "Bhikshaam Dehi" (give me alms). The King thought, "She is a Mother, maybe She is hungry, so he arranged many kinds of food for Her. The Mother took out five golden pots from Her bag and said to the King - "Please put your food in these pots." The King got very surprised to see that a beggar had five golden pots to eat from. He said - "Brahme Vaachapprahee Lokaam, Hey Maataa, Bhojanam Mam Brahme". She ate Her food and said to the King - "Now you can take these pots, because I do  not take food from the same pots twice." Hearing this the King was very much astonished. The King thought, "If she stays here for even a few days I will be very rich." He sent those golden pots inside his palace. Now She daily took food there and every time She gave 5 golden pots to the King. King was very happy.

When Lakshmee noticed that now the King has moved from his Dharm (it means that he moved from Vishnu too), one day She declared that now She wanted to go somewhere else. Hearing this the King became restless and said to Her sadly - "Where do you go, Maataa? Are you not happy here? Don't you get good food here? Do you need something else."

Lakshmee said - "No Its not like that, but I have my principles. Till you have that Sanyaasee in your Vaatikaa (garden), I cannot live here." The King could not think of Her relationship with Sanyaasee, still he said politely - "He is my honorable Guru. He educates me, I am His disciple. I cannot do this to Him." Lakshmee announced Her judgment - "Then I cannot live here." The King said - "Please, think of some way to stay back here." At this Lakshmee said - "Yes, There is way. If you do not go to him, nor you send Him food, He Himself will go away." The King was so much blind with wealth that he accepted Lakshmee's conditions and he did the same as Lakshmee told him. He stopped going to Sanyaasee and sending Him food too. After a while Vishnu left the place. Lakshmee continued to give golden pots to the King for some time.

Lakshmee Wants to Leave the King
After some time Lakshmee asked the King his permission to go away from there, that She wanted to go away. The King got very surprised to hear this, he again asked - "Now what happened, Maa? Why do you want to go away now? As you said I sent that Sanyaasee also from here and now you are also going away leaving me. This will be a curse for me." Lakshmee said - "No, O King, Now I cannot live here. He was my husband Vishnu. Wherever the husband lives, his wife also lives there. You have not given food to my husband, that is not Dharm. My husband is Dharm in person. You have insulted Dharm. Lakshmee is the wife of Dharm, so Lakshmee should be used properly." Saying this Lakshmee left the King's place. Surprisingly enough the golden pots which Lakshmee gave to the King got converted into worldly metal pots, as if they were never made of divine gold.

The King sat at in disappointment at the same place lowering his head, he said to himself - "What a great sin I have committed. I have sent that great Sanyaasee from my place and now my whole kingdom is also destroyed. What do I do now?"

Thus Lakshmee lives in his feet who knows his Self (Lakshmeem Brahm: Vaacho:); and if "Lakshmeem Brahme Vrataa:"; who does not worship Lakshmee (worship means "appropriate use") he loses Lakshmee. And who uses his wealth with Dharm, Lakshmee lives only in his house. And what is the appropriate use of wealth? Performing Yagya for Devtaa, performing good action through it. Whenever a person misuses it, he gets destroyed. When the Dharm is disregarded, then only the person starts misusing Lakshmee. Thus only Dharm is the protector of human being because if the person follows Dharm, he is wealthy, and if he has wealth, he can perform many good actions, and if he performs good actions, he attains meritorious regions after his death.

Sushma Gupta

Thursday, November 10, 2011

God's Rosebud

Today I read this story and although it is written in a Christian environment, I thought, how true it is in relation to our Hindu philosophy too, that God has written our fate and only He knows it what is in it, if we want to know it we will surely mess up with it. As the time passes, a single leaf opens up and shows us what is ahead in our lives.

One day a new minister was walking with an old and more seasoned minister in the garden. Feeling a bit insecure about what God had for him to do, he was asking the older preacher for some advice. The older preacher walked up to a rosebush and handed over a rosebud to the young preacher and told him to open it without tearing off any petals. The young preacher looked in disbelief at the older preacher and was trying to figure out what this rosebud could possibly have to do with his wanting to know the will of God for his life and ministry. But because of his great respect for the older preacher, he proceeded to try to unfold the rose, while keeping every petal intact. It wasn't long before he realized
how impossible this was to do.

Noticing the younger preacher's inability to unfold the rosebud without tearing it, the older preacher began to recite the following poem to him ...

"It is only a tiny rosebud,
A flower of God's design;
But I cannot unfold the petals
With these clumsy hands of mine.

"The secret of unfolding flowers
Is not known to such as I.
GOD opens this flower so easily,
But in my hands they die.

"If I cannot unfold a rosebud,
This flower of God's design,
Then how can I have the wisdom
To unfold this life of mine?"

"So I'll trust in God for leading
Each moment of my day.
I will look to God for guidance
In each step along the way."

"The path that lies before me,
Only my Lord and the Almighty knows.
I'll trust God to unfold the moments,
Just as He unfolds the rose."

you enjoy reading the poem being reminded to let go.... and let God unfold your life.

Monday, November 7, 2011

The Day Vishnu Got Attached

Hindu have many gods - 33 Crore gods, but 33 are well known - 12 Aaditya, 11 Rudra, 8 Vasu and 2 Ashwinee Kumaar. Still among these 33 gods there is group of three Devtaa who are even higher then them, they are Brahmaa (the Creator), Vishnu (the Preserver) and Shiv (the Destroyer). Among these three gods, Vishnu is believed to be detached from anything and everything. When He came on Earth as Krishn, he has declared this in His Geetaa too.

Now would you believe that once He also got attached? With whom? With a woman. What, with a woman? Yes, with a woman. Oh no, Who was that lucky woman? Let us read the story of that lucky woman to whom Vishnu got attached.

Once Indra and Brihaspati Jee were going to Kailaash Mountain to see Shiv Jee. As Shiv Jee saw them coming to him, he thought to test Indra's devotion to him, so he assumed the form of a hermit and sat in their way. When Indra saw him sitting like this, he asked him that who was he and what he was doing there, but Shiv didn't speak anything. Indra asked him several times but he did not speak anything. Indra got angry and he picked up his Vajra (thunderbolt) to hit him, that Shiv froze his hand with his Yaugik powers. Brihaspati Jee recognized Shiv and asked for his forgiveness. Shiv Jee got pleased and he redirected his angry look towards ocean. Indra and Brihaspati Jee went to their Lok after meeting him. BUT that angry sight which Shiv redirected towards ocean produced a child. He was born at the spot where Gangaa meets ocean.

The child started crying and that cry was so terrible that Devtaa had to go to Brahmaa Jee to do something about the child. Brahmaa Jee went to ocean. The ocean put that child in Brahmaa's lap and asked to name him and to tell him about his future. In the meantime the child pressed Brahmaa's neck so hard that tears rolled down from his eyes. Brahmaa Jee named him Jalandhar, and said that he would be a very mighty king of Asur and went away. Ocean brought him up with great care. Later Daitya Guru Shukraachaarya appointed him as the king of Asur, and asked the ocean to marry him to Kaalnemi's daughter Tulasee. Tulasee was a very pious girl, so because of her faithfulness and piety Jalandhar became invincible.

When Jalandhar saw Raahu without head, he became very perplexed and asked his Guru of its reason. Shukra told him the story of Saagar Manthan (churning of the Sea). Jalandhar got very angry hearing the story. He concluded from the story that  Devtaa stole the Amrit and jewels which appeared from the Saagar and thus insulted Daitya. So he sent a Daitya to Indra to hand him over all the gems which came out from the Saagar. When that messenger arrived in Indra's court and told the message of Jalandhar. Indra clearly refused to give anything to Jalandhar. At this Jalandhar invaded Devtaa under the commandership of Shumbh and Nishumbh. Devtaa got defeated and hid in Mount Sumeru caves. Then they went to Vishnu to ask for His help.

Vishnu set out to fight with Jalandhar.  As He was going, Lakshmee Jee requested Him not to kill Jalandhar, as he was Her brother - because both were born from the Sea. Both fought with no result. Then Vishnu told him about their relationship, so he invited Vishnu and Lakshmee to stay in his house. Meanwhile he confiscated all the wealth of Devtaa and became the ruler of Three Lok.

Jalandhar Fights With Shiv
Seeing Jalandhar the ruler of Trilok, Naarad Jee came to pay him a courtesy visit. Naarad Jee admired his city and kingdom very much, more than Kailaash, but one thing and that was Paarvatee. He told him that Paarvatee should be with him only. Jalandhar found a truth in Naarad's statement so he sent Raahu to Kailaash to tell Shiv Jee that he should hand over Paarvatee to him. As Raahu delivered his message to Shiv Jee, Shiv Jee produced a terrible human being from his eye brows. Raahu got frightened and asked Shiv's pardon as he was only the messenger of Jalandhar.

Shiv then called for Vishnu that why He had not killed Jalandhar till then, and why he lived with Jalandhar? Vishnu explained the birth of Jalandhar to Shiv and told him that only Shiv could kill him. He also told him that Jalandhar was invincible because of his wife's loyalty to him. On the other side Jalandhar was very angry at Shiv Jee as he did not give Paarvatee to him and threatened to his messenger also, so he organized his army and set off to invade Kailaash.

There was a great war. Whoever Daitya were killed Shukraachaarya brought them to life, so Shiv Jee produced a terrible woman who abducted Shukraachaaraya. Daitya got worried and retreated. Seeing this Jalandhar played another trick. he produced many Gandharv and Apsaraa who started dancing before Shiv Jee. Shiv Jee pardoned Jalandhar and he himself started dancing with them. Jalandhar wanted the same thing. He got the opportunity and he ran towards Paarvatee Jee to take her, but Paaravatee Jee disappeared and called Vishnu and expressed her anger to Him.

Vishnu and Tulasee
Here Tulasee was very much worried about Jalandhar, she went out in search of Jalandhar. When she was searching for him, Vishnu assumed the form of Jalandhar, met her and stayed with Tulasee. She regarded him as her husband, but soon she realized that this Jalandhar was free from bad habits. She knew that she was deceived by Vishnu so she cursed Him to change into a black stone and stay at her feet always. Vishnu accepted the curse, but asked her why, as a wife, she did not stop her husband to do all these atrocities. Tulasee accepted her mistake and in sheer guilt she died and fell on the feet of Paarvatee Jee.

After Tulasee's death Jalandhar attacked Shiv. Shiv inserted his big toe into the ocean and started to churn its waters. This created a terrible weapon, Sudarshan Chakra. Jalandhar fought with that Chakra also, but the Chakra cut his neck immediately. Shiv sent his blood and flesh to Yam Raaj and Yam Raaj created Mahaa Raurav Hell with their help. Jalandhar's soul was united with Shiv Jee.

But after Vrindaa's death, Vishnu got very sad. He took the ashes from her pyre and applied on HIs body and started wandering here and there - as once Shiv Jee wandered carrying Satee's body in his arms. Seeing the condition of Vishnu, Devtaa got worried about Him, because they had never seen Him like this before. They went to Shiv Jee and reported the incident requesting him to remove Vishnu's false attachment ot Vrindaa's body. Shiv Jee went to Paarvatee and said - "Now you are our only hope. Please help Vishnu." Then Paaravatee Jee took some seeds and with the help of Lakshmee Jee and Saraswate Jee gave them to Devtaa. Devtaa sprinkled them on the pyre of Vrindaa. Three holy plants grew from the pyre of Vrindaa - Tulasee, Aamalaa (Indian Gooseberry) and Maalatee. All the three are very dear to Vishnu.

That is how Vishnu's attachment was removed by Paarvatee Jee.

By Sushma Gupta