A die, its plural is dice, from Old French language "de", from Latin datum "something which is given or played" is a small throwable object with multiple resting positions, used for generating random numbers normally from 1-6. This makes dice suitable for gambling games or for use in non-gambling tabletop games. A traditional die is an often rounded cube, with each of its six faces showing a different number from 1–6. The design as a whole is aimed at the die providing a random number, from one to six, each of those values being equally likely to appear at any given throw.
The most interesting thing
is that the Dice game's origin has been found in Asia, especially in Iran and
Indus Valley ruins, in the Rig Ved, and in Atharv Ved too. Still more interesting thing to be noted is that the earliest games were played between Shiv and his consort Paarvatee Jee. Here are a few stories of Shiv and Paarvatee's games. These stories are of heavenly games, next time we will talk about the Dice games on Earth.
(1) A Story from Mahaabhaarat
This story is from Mahaabhaarat when King Drupad was not ready to marry his daughter Draupadee to five men. When Draupadee was won by Arjun, but Kuntee
told Paandav to distribute among themselves, it became a great morality
issue. After a short thought Yudhishthir also told that it was according
to morality that the five brothers could share one wife. So when they came
to Drupad's palace to perform marriage ceremonies and Yudhishthir told
Drupad that they all will marry Draupadee, both Drupad and Dhrishtdyumn
raised the question of morality. They told that they heard one man many
wives, but they did not hear many man and one wife. At the same time Ved
Vyaas Jee came there and told Drupad and Dhrishtdyumn this story -----
"Vyaas Jee said - "In olden
days, once the celestials performed a great sacrifice in Naimish Aranya. At that
sacrifice Yam, the son of Vivaswaan, became the slayer of sacrificial animals. He
did not kill even a single human being during that period, so the number of people
on the earth increased a lot. Som, Sakra, Varun, Ashwinee Kumaar, Kuber, Saadhya,
Rudra etc went to Brahmaa Jee and told about this increase. Brahmaa Jee said -
"You need not to worry about this increase. You all are immortal." They
said - "But the mortals have also become immortals. Now there is no difference
between them and us. We have come to you to make the distinction between us."
Brahmaa Jee said - "In fact Yam is also engaged in sacrifice now a days that
is why people are not dying, but when this sacrifice is over, people again will start
dying - in thousands."
Vyaas Jee continued - "Hearing this
from the first-born, the celestials came back to the place of sacrifice. At that
time Indra sitting near Bhaageerathee saw a golden lotus floating on her waters.
Seeing it he wondered much and out of curiosity he proceeded up the course of
Bhaageerathee to know its origin. There he saw a woman weeping and washing herself
in the stream. Her tears were falling in the stream and were turning into golden
lotus. Seeing this Indra was more surprised. He asked her - "Who are you? Why
do you weep? I want to know, please tell me everything."
Vyaas Jee said - "The woman said -
"O Sakra, You know me that who I am and why do I weep. It is unfortunate that
I weep. Come with me and see for yourself that why do I weep." So Indra followed
her. Soon they came to a place where a young man was sitting with a young woman on a
throne on a peak of Himaalaya. They were playing dice."
Indra said to him - "This universe is
under my control." But he was so engrossed in playing that he didn't listen to him.
Indra repeated his statement with a little anger. Now the youth was Mahaadev. He smiled
at him and cast a glance at him. That glance made Indra immediately paralyzed and he
remained standing there only. When the dice game was over Mahaadev asked the weeping
woman to bring Indra to him.
(2) A Story From Sthal Puraan
This story comes in Sthal Puraan, but may be found in several other Puraan too --
Once Shiv and Paarvatee were
playing Dice game on Kailaash Parvat that Ambaa said - "I have won the game."
Shiv Jee said - "No, I am the winner." In
anger Shiv Jee cursed Paarvatee - "Go and born as a cow and keep roaming
on the Earth." Shiv Jee is the Lord of all animals (Pashupati) and
Paarvatee is the Paraa Shakti, still he cursed her. She realized that she
was at mistake, and since she is a great Pativrataa, she accepted the
curse, and she started roaming around on Earth as a cow.
Vishnu is Ambaa's brother.
When He heard that his brother-in-law Shiv had driven her out, He thought
that at least He should take care of her. he took the form of a cowherd
and started roaming with the Divine cow. [he was not cursed still he was
roaming on the earth as a cowherd - this was just to show the people His
love towards His sister - He liked His job so much that He came as a
cowherd with the name of Gopaal, which also means Pashupati. If you can
correlate these two names of Shiv and Vishnu, you will not differentiate
between Shiv and Vishnu.]
One day when the Divine cow (Paarvatee) was grazing, her
hoof hit a stone and a Shiv Ling appeared there. The cow thought she had
committed a sin by touching the Shiv Ling with her foot, so she ran away
from there. The cowherd pacified her and brought her back.
It was Vishnu who married
Meenaakshee to Sundareshwar wishing to unite them again. He worshiped
Shiv and pleased him. Pleased Shiv said to Him - "You keep grazing the
cow until you come to Kaaveree. Give her a bath there and she will gain
her original form. I shall tell you when I will marry her." Vishnu did as
Shiv said to Him. The Divine cow had gained her original form after the
bath. Shiv himself appeared there. But he wanted to play one game more.
sage was performing austerities for Ambaa to be born as his daughter, so
Shiv Jee asked Ambaa to be born in his house as his daughter and that he
would come at the appropriate time and marry her. So she did. Vishnu
waited for the day when Shiv appeared to marry His sister. Shiv came and
Vishnu married His sister to him.
The present story contains a
warning against the evil consequences of Ahankaar and gambling and tells
us how a wife should be dutiful towards her husband and how a brother
should be affectionate towards and concerned about his sister.
(3) Another Story from a Puraan
In one Pauraanik story, once Shiv and Paarvatee were playing Dice game. They
needed an umpire who could decide who was the winner, so when they sat to
play the game they appointed their ride Nandee Bull as the umpire. Now
Nandee is favorite of Shiv and devoted to him. They started the game and
Shiv lost the game, but Nandee declared him winner. At this Paarvatee got
very angry with Nandee and cursed him that he should die with an
incurable disease. At this Nandee fell on Paarvatee's feet and asked for
her forgiveness - "Please forgive me, Mother. Should I not show some
gratitude towards my master? Is it not humiliating for me to declare my
master as a loser?"
When Nandee offered such pleas, Paarvatee smiled and
forgave him and taught him the means to do Praayashchit (atonement) for
this. She told him that Bhaadrapad Chaturthee was her son Ganesh's
birthday so he had to offer him what he liked most (green grass). This
means that one atones for one's sins when one offers to the Lord what is
most pleasing and enjoyable to him. For Nandee the most enjoyable and
relishing food was green grass. As directed by Paarvatee Nandee
worshiped Ganapati by offering green grass. He was then relieved of his
dreaded disease. His health improved and by the grace of Paarvatee he was
(4) 16 Mondays Fast Story
This story is told when people observe 16-Mondays fasts. These 16 Mondays should be started from
Shraavan month, if possible, and are normally done continuously for 16 Mondays.
Its Kathaa is like this :
Once Mahaadev was wandering in Mrityu
Lok with his consort Paarvatee Jee. Wandering around they came to Amaraavatee
named city in Vidarbh Desh. There was a beautiful Shiv temple in that city,
so Mahaadev Jee started living there with Paarvatee Jee. Once Paarvatee Jee
proposed to Shiv Jee to play Chaucer with her just for fun. So they started
At the same time, the priest of that temple
came there to do his daily worship. Paarvatee Jee asked the priest "Tell
me, who will win in this Chaucer?" As if destined, the words came out from
his mouth - "Mahaadev Jee will win." But after a while Paarvatee Jee
won and Mahaadev Jee lost. At his lies Paarvatee Jee filled with rage and she
got ready to curse him. Although Mahaadev Jee tried to convince her that he was
not at fault, still she cursed him to be a leper. Now he became a leper and
started suffering with various kinds of afflictions.
Thus a lot of time passed for the Priest
suffering like this. One day some Apsaraa came to worship Shiv Jee in that
temple. They saw the Priest suffering with leprosy. Compassionately they
asked him his story. He told them all what happened. They said to him -
"Now you need not to suffer for long. You observe 16 Mondays Vrat."
The priest asked the method of doing it.
Apsaraa said - "On Monday, after
taking bath, put on clean clothes, make Panjeeree (Kasaar)
of half kilo wheat flour (roasted wheat flour with enough Ghee, and when it
gets cool, mix ground sugar of equal quantity in it). Divide it in three parts.
Worship Shiv Bhagavaan in Pradosh time with as many things as you can. Distribute
one third of the Panjeeree to people present there as Shiv Jee's Prasaad and take
the Prasaad himself also. Thus one should do 16 Mondays. On the 17th Monday, take
1/4 kilo wheat flour and make Baatee (round shaped balls fried in Ghee). Mix equal
quantity of sugar and a little Ghee to make its Chooramaa. Offer it to Shiv Jee and distribute it to the
people present there, take it yourself also. The priest did this for 16 Monday and
he got cured. And he started living happily.
One day, after some time, Shiv and Paarvatee
Jee visited that temple again, and they found that that priest was quite normal
and healthy. Paarvatee Jee asked the Braahman how he got cured. The Braahman told
her all that what he did - 16 Som Vaar Vrat. Paarvatee got very happy to hear about
this Vrat. She also did this Vrat and because of this Vrat her son Kaarttikeya came
back home and became obedient to her. Kaarttikeya wished to know how his mind got
changed like this (to come back home). Paarvatee Jee told him the same 16-Som Vaar
Vrat method. Kaarttikeya got very happy to hear this.